; Variable Frequency Drive Market Size, Share, Trend 2034

Variable Frequency Drive Market

Variable Frequency Drive Market Size, Share, and Analysis, By Product (AC Drives, DC Drives, and Servo Drive), By Power Range (Micro, Low, Medium, and High), By Application (Pumps, Electric Fan, HVAC, Extruders, Conveyors, and Others), By End User (Oil & Gas, Power Generation, Infrastructure, Food, and Beverages, Mining, and Others), By Region (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, And Rest of the World), And Regional Forecast 2024-2034

Published on: Jun-2024
Report Code: FG EP 02013
No. of Pages: 170-350
Report Format: PDF

Variable Frequency Drive Market is estimated to grow at a CAGR of 5.5% in the forecast period (2024-2034), with the market size valued at USD 23.1 billion in 2023 and projected to reach USD 41.7 billion by 2034.

Product Overview

Variable frequency drive is an electronic device, that is used for regulating the speed and torque of an electric motor by adjusting the frequency and voltage supplied to it. This technology provides precise control over motor speed and contributes to the conservation of energy and less mechanical strain. Variable frequency drive controls the rotational speed of the motor by changing the electrical supply frequency to it, thus allowing for accurate modifications needed for a variety of applications. Furthermore, variable frequency drives are instrumental in achieving different speeds and improving energy usage across industrial sectors like manufacturing, HVAC systems, and pumping applications. Their capacity to enhance the performance and operational efficiency of motors makes them integral to control operations across industries.

Market Highlights

Variable Frequency Drive Market is expected to exhibit a CAGR of 5.5% during the forecast period, 2024-2034

Variable Frequency Drive Market is anticipated to reach USD 41.7 billion, growing at a CAGR of 5.5% during the forecast period, owing to the high adoption of industrial automation and increasing focus on energy efficiency across diverse sectors. This growth is driven by the rising integration of variable frequency drive into manufacturing operations, to curb energy consumption and improve the efficiency of operations. Moreover, the demand for accurate control over motor speed and torque in applications such as HVAC systems and pumps is further promoting growth in the market. Besides, strict government regulations that demand energy efficiency and sustainability are forcing businesses to invest in variable frequency drives. Thus, the variable frequency drive market will experience growth as companies are seeking innovative solutions to improve productivity and reduce additional expenses.

Source: Fatpos Global

Variable Frequency Drive Market Segmentation

AC Drives segment is dominating the market owing to its vast usage across diverse industries

Variable frequency drive market is segmented based on Product into AC Drives, DC Drives, and Servo Drive. The AC Drives segment is anticipated to dominate the market due to its vast applicability across diverse industries. AC Drives are used in countless applications, ranging from simple fans and pumps to complex machinery, which makes them a preferred choice for various industrial processes. Additionally, AC Drives offers a cost-effective solution compared to DC Drives and Servo Drives in scenarios where precise control is not an important requirement. Moreover, their ease of installation and maintenance further improves their attractiveness to users with different technical expertise. Thus, with improvements in power electronics, AC Drives are anticipated to maintain their dominance in the market and address the evolving needs of industries that are seeking efficient motor control solutions.

Lower Power Ranges segment is leading the market due to its growing adoption of smaller applications

Variable Frequency Drive Market has been segmented based on Power Range into Micro, Low, Medium, and High ranges. The low power range segment in the variable frequency drive market is projected to dominate due to the there's growing adoption of variable frequency drives in smaller applications like household appliances, small pumps, and fans. Secondly, innovations in technology have yielded more efficient and affordable drives, thus widening their accessibility to a broader user base within the low power range. The expanding automation trend across sectors, such as residential and commercial buildings, further amplifies the demand for variable frequency drives in the low power range to regulate small motors and equipment. This convergence of factors positions the low power range segment to assert its dominance in the variable frequency drive market.

Source: Fatpos Global

Market Dynamics

Growth Drivers

Technological Improvements Had a Positive Influence on the Growth of Variable Frequency Drives

Technological innovations play an important role in boosting the growth of the variable frequency drive market. Innovation in power electronics, along with control algorithms and system integration has resulted in the development of efficient and affordable variable frequency drive solutions. These developments have expanded the application of variable frequency drives across various industries, that allow for accurate control over motor speed. For instance, improvements in semiconductor technology have facilitated the creation of variable frequency drives with higher switching frequencies, which led to fewer energy losses and better motor performance. Furthermore, the addition of smart features like IoT connection and predictive maintenance capabilities improves the functioning and value proposition of variable frequency drives.

Rise In Industrial Automation Has Influenced the Growth of the Industry

Industrial automation stands as another major growth factor for the variable frequency market. Industries are increasingly adopting automation to improve productivity and operational efficiency. This growing need for precise control over motor speed and energy consumption fuels the demand for variable-frequency drives. In addition, VFDs enable variable speed control of motors, thus offering flexibility and energy savings compared to traditional fixed-speed drives. Integration with automation systems and industrial networks further facilitates smooth communication and coordination between different components of a production process. Therefore, as industries increasingly embrace automation to stay competitive, the demand for variable frequency drive is expected to rise significantly during the forecasted period.


High Initial Investment Costs in Comparison to Standard Motors Act as a Market Limitation

High initial investment cost of variable frequency drives compared to traditional motor starters presents a key limitation in the variable frequency drive market. This is usually due to the upfront cost differences, where VFDs can be more expensive than simple traditional motor starters, and create challenges for small & medium-sized enterprises with limited budgets. Besides, there are extra costs involved which include installation expenses and the need for qualified workers to ensure proper integration with existing systems. Furthermore, the difficulties of configuring and programming VFDs require expertise, which could result in more investment in training or employing professional individuals. These concerns contribute to the reluctance of some organizations to adopt variable frequency drives, which limit the growth potential of the market.

Recent Developments

  • In 2023, ABB launched its IRB 6620 robotic manipulator designed for high-payload applications in industries like automotive and metal fabrication. The company has also announced its focus on expanding its collaborative robot portfolio YuMi for human-robot interaction in assembly tasks.
  • In 2023, Eaton Corporation, acquired ROBOTOOL GmbH, which is a German provider of end-of-arm tooling for robots, expanding its offering in robotic grippers and application tools. The company has also introduced its X-series intelligent power distribution systems which are designed for power management in automated material systems.
  • In 2023, Rockwell Automation partnered with Locus Robotics to offer better warehouse automation solutions combining Rockwell control systems with better Locus' autonomous mobile robots. The company has also successfully launched its iTRAK® 3000 Modular Conveyor System, which is a flexible and scalable solution for various automated material handling applications.
  • In 2023, Hitachi announced its Lumada Manufacturing Suite platform, focusing on digital solutions for optimizing automated material handling systems through data analytics and machine learning.
  • In 2023, Siemens introduced its SCALANCE CP1 communication processor which is used for secure and reliable data exchange within industrial automation networks, vital for communication in complex handling systems.

Variable Frequency Drive Market

Key Players:

  • ABB Ltd.
  • Eaton Corporation
  • Rockwell Automation, Inc.
  • Hitachi, Ltd.
  • Siemens AG
  • Danfoss Group
  • Schneider Electric SE
  • Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
  • Yaskawa Electric Corporation
  • Fuji Electric Co., Ltd.
  • WEG S.A.
  • Toshiba Corporation
  • Emerson Electric Co.
  • Nidec Corporation
  • Delta Electronics, Inc
  • Other Prominent Players (Company Overview, Business Strategy, Key Product Offerings, Financial Performance, Key Performance Indicators, Risk Analysis, Recent Development, Regional Presence, SWOT Analysis)

Regional Analysis

 Variable Frequency Drive Market is segmented based on regional analysis into five major regions: North America, Latin America, Europe, Asia Pacific, and the Middle East and Africa. The Asia Pacific region dominates the market as growing economies in the region are experiencing major growth in manufacturing, while supportive government policies that are focused on industrial development are improving the adoption of variable frequency drives. In addition, a rise in construction activities and infrastructure projects can create a demand for VFDs in various applications like ventilation and pumping systems. Thus, the need for energy-saving solutions is a major factor across the Asia Pacific region that leads to low energy consumption. 

Other regions, such as Latin America, have enjoyed tremendous growth in recent years as a result of government attempts to promote industrial development and infrastructural developments.

Source: Fatpos Global

Impact of COVID-19 on Variable Frequency Drive Market

COVID-19 pandemic had a mixed impact on the variable frequency drive market. Initially, the market experienced disruptions in manufacturing operations and supply chains due to lockdowns and restrictions. This led to delays in the implementation of projects and low demand for VFDs in various industries. However, as industries adapted to the new normal and focused on energy savings, the demand for VFDs rebounded again. The pandemic highlighted the importance of automation and energy-efficient solutions to maintain productivity. Therefore, there was a high focus on integrating existing machinery with VFDs to improve energy usage.

Variable Frequency Drive Market is further segmented by region into:

  • North America Market Size, Share, Trends, Opportunities, Y-o-Y Growth, CAGR – United States and Canada
  • Latin America Market Size, Share, Trends, Opportunities, Y-o-Y Growth, CAGR – Mexico, Argentina, Brazil, and Rest of Latin America
  • Europe Market Size, Share, Trends, Opportunities, Y-o-Y Growth, CAGR – United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Belgium, Hungary, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, NORDIC, Russia, Turkey, and Rest of Europe
  • Asia Pacific Market Size, Share, Trends, Opportunities, Y-o-Y Growth, CAGR – India, China, South Korea, Japan, Malaysia, Indonesia, New Zealand, Australia, and Rest of APAC
  • Middle East and Africa Market Size, Share, Trends, Opportunities, Y-o-Y Growth, CAGR – North Africa, Israel, GCC, South Africa, and Rest of MENA

Variable Frequency Drive Market Scope and Segments:



Study Period


Base Year


Forecast Period


Historical Period


Growth Rate

CAGR of 5.5% from 2024-2034


Value (USD Billion)


Main Segments List

By Product

  • AC Drives
  • DC Drives
  • Servo Drive

By Power Range

  • Micro
  • Low
  • Medium
  • High

By Application

  • Pumps
  • Electric Fan
  • HVAC
  • Extruders
  • Conveyors
  • Others

By End User

  • Oil & Gas
  • Power Generation
  • Infrastructure
  • Food and Beverages
  • Mining
  • Others

By Region

  • North America
    • U.S.
    • Canada
  • Europe
    • Germany
    • U.K.
    • France
    • Rest of Europe
  • Asia Pacific
    • China
    • Japan
    • India
    • Australia
    • Southeast Asia
    • Rest of Asia Pacific
  • Latin America
    • Brazil
    • Mexico
    • Rest of Latin America
  • Middle East & Africa
    • GCC
    • South Africa
    • Rest of the Middle East & Africa

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ):

Variable Frequency Drive Market size was valued at USD 23.1 billion in 2023 and is projected to reach the value of USD 41.7 billion in 2034, exhibiting a CAGR of 5.5% during the forecast period.

Variable Frequency Drive (VFD) refers to an electronic device that is used to control the speed of an electric motor by altering the frequency and voltage of the supplied to it.

The AC Drives segment and Low Power segment accounted for the largest Variable Frequency Drive Market share.

Key players in the Variable Frequency Drive Market include ABB Ltd., Eaton Corporation, Rockwell Automation, Inc., Hitachi, Ltd., Siemens AG, Danfoss Group, Schneider Electric SE, Mitsubishi Electric Corporation, Yaskawa Electric Corporation, Fuji Electric Co., Ltd., WEG S.A., Toshiba Corporation, Emerson Electric Co., Nidec Corporation, Delta Electronics, Inc. and Other Prominent Players.

Technological improvements and the rise in industrial automation are the factors driving the variable frequency drive market.

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